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Nature Conservation in Estonia

For preserving biological diversity and for ensuring the favorable status of threatened species and habitats, 18,8% of Estonia's land area and 28% of the water area has been taken under protection.

Estonia has a total of 3,816 protected natural objects including:

  • 6 national parks;
  • 172 nature reserves;
  • 153 landscape protection areas (nature parks);
  • 514 parks and stands;
  • 325 limited-conservation areas;
  • 1,461 species’ protection sites;
  • 1,095 individual protected natural objects;
  • 23 natural objects protected at the local government level;
  • 63 protected areas with old protection regulation.


The western capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus). Photo by Jaanus Tanilsoo